A staircase can be the perfect addition to any house. They are often used for decoration purposes, but they also serve as a practical way of getting from one floor to another. In this blog post we will focus on some of the most important parts of a staircase and how they work together.
Most people know the basics of staircase terminology. They are aware that a tread is one step, and knows what risers look like. However they may not be as familiar with other more obscure features such as volutes or newels posts which have important functions in staircases but aren’t always noticeable to passersby!
1. Tread: what is a tread?
A typical staircase has a tread which extends from the stair nose to each riser. Treads are usually made of hardwood or plywood and serve as your foot’s point of contact with the stairs themselves while climbing up or down. Below you’ll find an overview on some common types used in industrial prefabricated, bolted access, and custom-built steps for different purposes!
2. Riser: what is a riser?
A riser is the vertical part of a staircase that connects each tread. The closed-tread style, which has risers and no wider than its stairway width, gives any home an elegant look. However, for those who want to give their space a more modern feel without sacrificing beauty or function can opt for open-riser stairs; they may be made with different materials such as metal cable balustrades in lieu of wood rails and are best suited on long flights where there’s ample headroom at the top landing (typically found in homes).
3. Stringer: what is a stringer?
Stringers, or the boards that support each side of the stair’s treads and risers are what make it possible for people to use them as they climb up and down from room to room. The stringer can be one long board running along both sides (the inner stringer) or two shorter boards on either end (the outer stringers). A single-strunger staircase always has safety guards while those with multiple strings often lack these safeguards because their rails act like guardrails if you go too close to an open edge!
4. Handrail: what is a handrail?
A handrail is what people hold onto for support when they are going up and down the stairs. The handrail is typically fixed to vertical posts (balusters) or a wall on one of two sides, depending if it’s at the top or bottom steps respectively.
5. Guardrail: what is a guardrail?
The guardrail is a barrier system that protects people from falling down the stairs. It can be attached directly to the stringer or to each step of the staircase, and it has two styles: one where an object hangs over on both sides so as not to obstruct vision (known as “over-the-handrails”) versus another style which includes vertical members with open space in between them like spindles on a railing.
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